A woman’s ability to produce breast milk after childbirth is determined by many factors. Many things, including health conditions, nutrition, lifestyle choices, and medications, might lead to low milk supply. Some things are beyond your control, but others may be controlled with extra forethought and help from family and friends. Suction is a crucial factor in breast milk production. The volume of milk produced is heavily influenced by the number of feedings.

In addition, breasts that have been emptied often produce more milk than breasts that have not been emptied. Not only should the baby nurse frequently, but he should also drink as much breast milk as possible to have a beneficial impact on milk production. If you notice a low milk supply or difficulty keeping up with your baby, one or more than one of the factors we’ve listed below could be to blame. Let’s look at why these factors can lead to low milk supply and how to recover. 

1. Stress and Anxiety

Breast milk supply is altered by stress, especially in the first few weeks after delivery. The rise in the levels of certain hormones like cortisol can lead to low milk supply as a result of inadequate sleep and adjusting to the baby’s schedule. Stress has caused some women to switch from having plentiful milk production to having none within 24 hours. While breastfeeding is essential, mental wellness is also essential for providing adequate care for a child. To combat stress, you may visit your doctor and he may probably prescribe some stress supplements for you.

So, if you notice signs of stress, anxiety, or postpartum depression, make an appointment with your health care provider and receive the help you need. While many new mothers desire to do everything themselves, it is recommended that you seek and accept help from your partner, family members, and friends so that you may relax, heal, and provide your baby with enough milk. Although they may be unable to breastfeed a child, they can assist in other ways.

2. Postpartum hemorrhage

Hemorrhage after birth is a frightening experience, and the fact that it can also prevent early breastfeeding doesn’t help matters. The theory is that a traumatic birth and maternal stress caused by a high blood loss can limit lactogenesis or milk production. A hemorrhage might alter when your milk comes in and how much you make, especially if you were removed from your infant during the hemorrhage. But don’t be discouraged; as soon as you feel ready, you can begin to breastfeed often, signaling to your body that there is a baby who needs to be nourished. After a hemorrhage, pumping can also help you improve your breast milk production. We’ve some interesting blogs on breast pumps if you need one.

3. Supplementing with formula

The breasts work on a demand and supply basis after your kid is born. Breastfeeding exclusively increases demand, causing the breasts to produce more milk. Supplementing with formula for numerous feedings during the day may inform your body that it doesn’t need to produce much milk, and may lead to low milk supply. Pumping at regular feeding times throughout the day can help to counteract this. Even if the infant isn’t feeding right now, pumping instructs the body to keep producing. Breast milk freezes nicely, so if you can, pump at work and store it for later use. However, if you’ve an health condition that may prevent you from breastfeeding your infant, there are some infant formulas that are healthy alternatives to breast milk.

4. Smoking Cigarettes

Smoking can prevent oxytocin from being released into your body. The hormone oxytocin is responsible for inducing the let-down response. Breast milk is released from your breasts by the let-down reflex. If you don’t let your breast milk out, it won’t drain out of your breasts and stimulate your body to make more. 

5. Certain herbs and spices

Galactogogues, like fenugreek, are plants that can help induce, sustain, and enhance milk supply. There are also a number of herbs and spices that can cause your milk production to decrease. When consumed in considerable amounts, sage, peppermint, oregano, lemon balm, parsley, and thyme are reported to reduce milk flow while breastfeeding. But don’t be alarmed: if you’re not eating a lot of them, you’ll probably be fine. You can continue to cook with them or use them in various ways around the house. However, if you use essential oils, you should learn more about specific oils manufactured with these herbs to see whether and how they influence nursing.

6. Eating or drinking too little

Dieting to lose the additional weight you gain during pregnancy can be tempting. While eating a nutritious diet is crucial, make sure you eat enough to replace the 500 calories you expend each day while breastfeeding. To bridge the calorie gap, consume a nutritious snack between meals, such as an apple with nut butter or lactation cookies. Breast milk production is also aided by adequate hydration. The amount of liquid you consume has an impact on the amount of breast milk you can produce. It is recommended that mothers keep a bottle of water in their diaper bags so that they are reminded to drink water. 

7. Drinking alcohol

The let-down response can be hampered by alcohol, just as it can be hampered by smoking. You will produce less breast milk if your child breastfeeds less frequently. Alcohol can not only reduce your breast milk supply, but it can also impair your ability to care for your child’s needs. Alcohol can also pass via your milk, putting your infant at risk for developmental delays.

8. Previous breast surgery

Both medical and cosmetic considerations can be used to justify breast surgery. Breast enhancements or reductions, for example, are becoming more frequent. Nipple piercings are a type of breast surgery that can harm the milk ducts in the nipple. The extent to which these surgeries influence breastfeeding depends on how they were performed, how much time passed between the surgery and the baby’s delivery, and whether there were any problems that resulted in scarring or injury to the breasts. Some women, particularly those who have breast enhancement rather than reductions, may be able to nurse exclusively with no problems. However, others will require further assistance and may be required to supplement.

9. Taking Birth Control Pills

It’s possible that birth control pills are impacting your breast milk production. This may happen if you’ve started using them to prevent another pregnancy. Some birth control pills contain estrogen, a hormone that might cause milk supply to decrease. 

10. Not feeding at night

Many publications and programs exist that teach parents how to get their newborns to sleep longer at night without waking for feedings. While these methods may work for some families, the lack of night feedings can cause weight gain issues for certain infants. Why? The amount of milk a mother can store in her breasts between feedings varies greatly. Their milk production begins to dwindle if they are not fed overnight. During night feedings, the level of prolactin (the hormone that tells the breasts to produce milk) is also higher. Therefore the lower overall prolactin can also lead to a decrease in milk production. It’s difficult to resist the allure of more sleep, yet overnight feedings are necessary for many women to avoid poor milk production. Consider reintroducing one or two-night feedings if you’ve started sleep training and your milk supply has decreased.


Suppose you’ve a low milk supply, and you believe one or more of the conditions on this list contribute to it. In that case, you may often improve your breast milk supply by addressing the contributing issues, and lactation supplements can be used to enhance your milk supply even more.

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